BitNami Drupal for VMware
What is the BitNami Application Library for VMware
The BitNami Application Library for VMware is a collection of popular open source applications that are prepackaged as application blueprints and ready to use with VMware vFabric™ Application Director. The library includes wikis, content and document management systems, portals, development tools, customer relationship management (CRM) systems and many other types of applications. You can learn more about them at http://bitnami.com/vmware
BitNami’s library for VMware consists of BitNami’s application components within reusable blueprints using industry’s leading Cloud-enabled application provisioning solution, VMware vFabric™ Application Director. The product takes a model-driven open approach to drastically simplify and automate application deployment topologies of portable multi-tier applications in private, public and hybrid clouds. These application topologies are called application blueprints. With the joint integration of BitNami application packages with VMware vFabric™ Application Director, users can rapidly deploy and customize applications across clouds per their enterprise IT policies.
The BitNami Application Library hooks up to existing services like Apache and MySQL, making it easy to deploy and manage your favorite applications.
The BitNami Application Library currently supports the following OS platforms:
CentOS 5.6: Both local and remote MySQL deployments
Support for RHEL and Ubuntu is planned.
Introduction to Drupal
Drupal is a content management platform that allows an individual or community of users to easily publish, manage, and organize a wide variety of content on a website. In general, Drupal is used for community web portals, discussion sites, corporate web sites, intranet applications, personal web sites or blogs, aficionado sites, e-commerce applications, resource directories, and social networking sites. Drupal is easy to extend by plugging in one or more of the dozens of freely available modules.
You can learn more about Drupal at (http://drupal.org)
The following sections will explain how to launch and manage Drupal with VMware vFabric™ Application Director.
Identifying BitNami Services
Go to "Administration" in the Catalog section. Then in "Tags" create a new tag for BitNami. This will make easier to identify the BitNami services later when creating new Blueprints.
Description: Deployment of web applications
Creating a BitNami Drupal Service
Use an Application Director wizard to create a new service.
Install script: http://bitnami.com/vmware/drupal/drupal_install.sh
Configure script: http://bitnami.com/vmware/drupal/drupal_configure.sh
Building Blueprints using the BitNami Drupal Service
Once you have created the BitNami Drupal service in your catalog, you can use it as a building block when you create your own Blueprints. To use BitNami Drupal in your own BluePrints, complete the following steps:
Add an OS Template supported by the service.
Add the Apache 2.2.0 Web Server service.
Add the MySQL 5.0.0 Database server service.
Add the BitNami Drupal service. Set the base_password property for the BitNami Drupal service to match the MySQL service password - self:MySQL:db_root_password. For remote database installations you can also set the mysql_hostname and the mysql_port properties.
Launching BitNami Drupal as a Blueprint
The BitNami Drupal Blueprint provides a server specification that includes:
A ready to run version of Drupal.
Blueprints make it easy to launch servers that share a well-defined, repeatable configuration. To launch a server based on a Blueprint, go to the Applications section in the vFabric UI and select one of the BitNami Drupal Blueprints available in the system.
You need to specify a value for the drupal_password property for the BitNami Drupal service. This is the password that will be used to log into the application.
Optionally, you can specify the following parameters:
drupal_user: The username that will be used to log in into the application. The default value is user.
drupal_user_name: Full name for the Drupal administrator user. The default value is User Name.
drupal_mail: Drupal administrator email address. The default value is email@example.com.
Accessing your Drupal application
Once you have launched BitNami Drupal, you can view the details for the running machines in your deployment, including the IP of the server where Drupal is running. Pointing your browser to http://<ip>/drupal will take you to the main screen of your application. You will be presented with a login screen:
You can now enter the username and password provided at launch time to access the application.
The installation of all BitNami applications is standardized. This section provides an overview of where each component is located in the event that you need to log in to your server, which you can do using the VMware console.
The standard location for the BitNami Library Application files is under /opt/bitnami. The following top-level folders are available:
mysql/: Contains configuration files related to MySQL. No MySQL binaries or libraries are bundled with BitNami for VMware deployments. Instead, the apps deployed integrate with the existing MySQL server provided by the distribution (either local or remote) and that has been configured using the VMware vFabric™ Application Director service template.
apache2/: Contains configuration files related to Apache. No Apache binaries or libraries are bundled with BitNami for VMware deployments. Instead, the apps deployed integrate with the existing Apache server provided by the distribution and that has been configured using the VMware vFabric™ Application Director service template.
scripts/: Control scripts internal to BitNami.
apps/: The directory containing the BitNami applications that have been installed.
And, inside apps/drupal folder:
You will find the application files for BitNami Drupal under apps/drupal/htdocs/.
Apache configuration files for BitNami Drupal, under apps/drupal/conf/ as well as optional configuration scripts under scripts/.
At the top level of the installation you will find the following additional files:
properties.ini: This file is readable only for the user that the installation was performed as. It includes information related to installation paths and configuration settings for the installed applications and associated services.
ctlscript.sh: Management script that allows you to start / stop different services. It provides a consistent interface across operating systems and services. You can find more information by typing /opt/bitnami/ctlscript.sh restart
The reason that all configuration and application files are located inside /opt/bitnami is to remain consistent with other BitNami application packages such as native installers and VMs that can be downloaded from (http://bitnami.com). Maintaining a common filesystem layout across operating systems and delivery mechanisms helps in many scenarios, such as moving from local laptop development environment to a vCloud production environment.
You can find additional information about BitNami Applications for VMware at http://bitnami.com/vmware